Common Conditions Treated

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when the nail’s edge grows into the surrounding skin, causing pain, redness, and swelling. This condition can result from improper nail trimming, shoe pressure, or nail conditions. Treatment may include professional trimming, lifting the nail, or, in severe cases, partial nail removal.


Hammertoes are deformities where a toe bends downward at the middle joint, resembling a hammer. It can result from wearing ill-fitting shoes, muscle imbalance, or nerve damage. Treatments include wearing appropriate footwear, orthotic devices, exercises, or surgery for severe cases.

Heel Spurs/Plantar Fasciitis

Heel spurs are calcium deposits causing bony protrusions on the underside of the heel, often associated with plantar fasciitis, the inflammation of the band of tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes. Both conditions can cause heel pain, typically worsening with the first steps in the morning or after prolonged sitting. Management may include stretching, orthotics, and anti-inflammatory medications.

Flat Feet

Flat feet, or fallen arches, occur when the arches of the feet flatten, allowing the entire sole to touch the floor when standing. It can result from genetic factors, wear and tear, or injury. Most people experience no associated discomfort, but if pain occurs, treatments like orthotics, supportive shoes, or physical therapy can help.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains involve the stretching or tearing of ligaments around the ankle, often due to sudden twisting. They can cause pain, swelling, and bruising and can vary in severity. Treatment includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation, with severe sprains potentially requiring physical therapy or supportive devices.

Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis is the inflammation of the Achilles tendon, often due to overuse or degeneration. It can cause pain along the back of the leg near the heel. Treatment typically involves rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medications, with chronic cases requiring physical therapy or other interventions.

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are thick, hardened layers of skin that develop from repeated friction or pressure. Corns usually form on the toes, and calluses on the soles of the feet. Treatment includes protective padding, wearing comfortable shoes, and moisturizing, with severe cases possibly necessitating professional removal.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetic foot care is crucial as diabetes can cause poor blood flow and neuropathy, leading to slower healing and reduced sensation. Regular inspection, proper hygiene, and wearing appropriate footwear can prevent complications like ulcers and infections. Professional check-ups are essential for managing foot health in diabetic individuals.

Fungal Toenail Infections

Fungal toenail infections occur when fungi invade the nail, causing changes in color, thickness, and texture. These infections can be persistent and are more common in older adults. Treatment can include topical or oral antifungal medications, or in severe cases, nail removal.


A neuroma is a benign growth of nerve tissue, often found between the third and fourth toes, causing pain, tingling, or numbness. It can result from wearing tight shoes, high heels, or due to abnormal bone structure. Treatment options include proper footwear, orthotic devices, corticosteroid injections, or surgery in severe cases.


Gout is a form of arthritis causing sudden, severe pain, often in the big toe, due to the accumulation of urate crystals in joints. It can be triggered by dietary factors, dehydration, and certain medications. Management includes medication, dietary modifications, and maintaining proper hydration.


Metatarsalgia is a condition characterized by pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot, often due to overuse or high-impact sports. It can be exacerbated by ill-fitting shoes, excess weight, or foot deformities. Treatment typically involves rest, ice, proper footwear, and orthotics.

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)

PTTD is a condition where the tendon connecting the calf muscle to the inner foot is damaged, often leading to adult-acquired flatfoot. It can cause pain and swelling along the inside of the ankle and foot. Treatment includes orthotics, braces, physical therapy, and in severe cases, surgery.

Shin Splints

Shin splints refer to pain along the inner edge of the shinbone, usually due to stress on the shinbone and tissues attaching the shinbone to muscles. It’s common in runners and dancers. Treatment involves rest, ice, proper footwear, and modifying exercise routines.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is a condition where the peripheral nerves, often in the feet and hands, are damaged, leading to weakness, numbness, and pain. It is commonly associated with diabetes but can also result from injuries, infections, or exposure to toxins. Management includes addressing underlying causes, pain relief, and maintaining foot health.


Warts are skin growths caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and can be found on the soles of the feet (plantar warts). They are typically harmless but can be painful and contagious. Treatment options include salicylic acid, cryotherapy, or other removal methods.

Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are small cracks in a bone, often occurring in the weight-bearing bones of the lower leg and foot due to repetitive force or overuse. They can cause pain and swelling, and treatment typically involves rest

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton’s Neuroma is a painful condition that affects the ball of your foot, most commonly the area between your third and fourth toes. It involves a thickening of the tissue around one of the nerves leading to your toes, causing a sharp, burning pain in the ball of your foot and numbness in the toes. Treatment can include proper footwear, orthotic devices, anti-inflammatory medications, or in severe cases, surgery.

Osteoarthritis of the Foot and Ankle

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can affect the joints in the foot and ankle, leading to pain, swelling, stiffness, and decreased mobility. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Management strategies for osteoarthritis of the foot and ankle include weight management, exercise, supportive footwear, medications, and in advanced cases, surgery.

Lisfranc Injuries

Lisfranc injuries occur in the midfoot area where a cluster of small bones forms an arch on top of the foot, connected by ligaments. These injuries can range from simple ligament strains to fractures and dislocations, and typically result from direct or indirect trauma to the foot. Treatment varies based on the severity and type of injury but may include rest, immobilization, physical therapy, or surgery.


Bunions are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe, causing the toe to deviate inward. They can develop from wearing tight or narrow shoes, abnormal bone structure, or arthritis. Bunions may cause pain, swelling, and impaired foot function, and treatment options can include orthotics, padding, or surgery in severe cases.